On this day in 1605 (in the Julian Reckoning, the 15 November by the Gregorian,) Mr. Guy Fawkes tried to blow up the Parliament with the King in it in what has come to be known as “The Gunpowder Plot.”

As you know, Fawkes was captured in the act, and he along with several other men were executed for treason. One of these was Rev. Henry Garnet, who was convicted of the conspiracy based on being the confessor of several of the assassins. The state conceded his objection to the plot, and it is unlikely he would have been convicted had he not been a priest. During his execution, the crowed grabbed onto his legs and swung around while he was hanging by his neck in an effort to speed up his death.

The anniversary has been observed as an anti-Catholic holiday since 1506. To this day, the tradition of government sanctioned or tolerated “Anti-Popery” rallies continues in many towns, culminating in the burning of effigies of Fawkes, as well as the Pope, in some places, continues.